American pottery design dating
Earthenware, pottery that has not been fired to the point of vitrification and is thus slightly porous and coarser than stoneware and porcelain.
The body can be covered completely or decorated with slip (a liquid clay mixture applied before firing), or it can be glazed.
1550 AD – 1600 AD ( Ancient Artifax ) Storage pot Chimu Canteen -with Shaman motif Cuspisnique Vessel Inca Aribalo Peruvian ceramic vessel with carved decoration Large ceramic oval jar, Nazcar 300BC – 600AD Dual spout drinking vessel Inca Jaguar handled Vase Twin handled Inca Aribalo The predominant decoration consisted of geometric, zoomorphic and sculptural designs. This vessel portrays a pelican fishing and catching three mythical killer whales, showing the importance of coastal activities in Nazca culture.
Andean 900 BCE-1532 CE Artsconnected, Minneapolis Institute of Arts Inca Kero ( drinking vessel ) This vessel features a dual-image of a jaguar and an eagle, two of the most important animals in ancient Andean beliefs.
During the firing, the fine particles covering the surface fuse into an amorphous, glasslike layer, sealing the pores of the clay body. One is covered with a transparent lead glaze; when the earthenware body to which this glaze is applied has a cream colour, the product is called Çatalhüyük, on the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey, and thought to be about 9,000 years old, is the earliest known pottery.
Earthenware is still widely used in the 21st century, much of the commercially produced ware being heatproof and coldproof and thus practicable for cooking and freezing as well as for serving.
Moche figural vessel The production and the use of pottery during the Inca Civilization had two purposes, utilitarian and ceremonial.
They carry shields, lances, and triangular war clubs.The pottery of the Incas lacked the drama and artistry of the ceramics of earlier civilizations of Peru like the Moche and Nazca.