Calendar dating for previous years
When Christmas Eve falls on a Sunday, it is the last or fourth Sunday of Advent.In Eastern Orthodox churches, which use the Julian calendar, Advent begins earlier, on November 15, and lasts 40 days, rather than 4 weeks.The ancient Roman calendar was believed to be an observational lunar calendar, based on the cycles of the moon's phases.
This "Christ Candle" represents the life of Jesus Christ that has come to light the world.
The months of April, June, September, and November have 30 days, while the rest have 31 days except for February, which has 28 days in a standard year, and 29 in a leap year.
The Gregorian calendar is a reformed version of the Julian calendar, which was itself a modification of the ancient Roman calendar.
The pink candle is called the "Shepherds Candle" and represents joy.
The last purple candle is called the "Angels Candle," It is lit on the fourth Sunday of Advent and represents peace.Advent is also a time for worshipers to anticipate his return at the Second Coming of Christ.